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Modern Didactics Centre director Daiva Penkauskiene participated in 7th Prague Forum “Towards a Pan-European Platform on Ethics, Transparency and Integrity in Education” organized by European Council at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic, at 1-2 of October 2015. D. Penkauskiene shared case study “Advocating for honesty and transparency. Anticorruption education initiatives in Lithuania”. 

Case study "Advocating for Honesty and Transparency. Anticorruption Education Initiatives in Lithuania", 2015


Over the recent years, more and more anti-corruption political and civil initiatives are born in democratic states. A special anti-corruption body is Transparency International that conducts corruption perception surveys in various countries and promotes anti-corruption standards of behaviour. Anti-corruption actions are supported by the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for the Economic Development and Co-operation, the European Union and the United Nations.

Reduction of the level of corruption is neither an easy nor a quick process. Corruption may be caused by various interrelated and individual factors, including: improper economic policy, low level of public education, weak civic society, lack of accountability of state authorities, traditions. Moreover, the growing global economy and new technologies bring about new forms of corruption. They are not easy to recognise, understand and control.

Corruption is seen as a more urgent problem in post-communist countries than western states. The communist systems were based on corruption as a consolidating force where claptocracy and clientism had become a norm. Such behavioural and thinking patterns obstructed the creation of democratic states and private economy based on open competition.

National authorities of the Republic of Lithuania - Government and Seimas - consider combating corruption as one of priority areas:
The Special Investigation Service as the main body responsible for the co-ordination of the fight against corruption in Lithuania was established in late 1997.
On 17 January 2002 the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania adopted Resolution No. IX-711 On the Approval of the National Anti-Corruption Programme.
On 28 May 2002 the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania adopted The Law on Corruption Prevention (No. IX-904).
On July 2002 Convention of the Crown Law ratified by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania came into the force.
On October 2002 the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adopted resolution On the Approval of Corruption Risk Analysis.
On February 2003 the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adopted resolution On the Formation of the Joint Committee for Coordination of Fight against Corruption.

The National Anti-Corruption Programme (further – the NACP) clearly indicated that our state is no longer willing to tolerate corruption and it will take all the measures against it. The programme included both strategic provisions of the fight against corruption and a specific action plan.
The NACP had a wider objective than just detection of corruption crimes. Taking into account that the fight against corruption is successful only if it rests on the three pillars – prevention, law enforcement, and the public’s education and support – the NACP has separate chapters on prevention and educational and awareness raising measures. A major emphasis is placed on the prevention of corruption and public education. The NACP provides for one of the key tasks, which reads as the following:
4.1.4. by various means promoting intolerance to corruption; with the latter in mind, establishing close co-operation with non-governmental organisations and the media, developing and incorporating anti-corruption curriculum into the education system.
The NACP projects:
8.2.3. conducting anti-corruption training to convey theoretical and practical knowledge and impart skills to various strata of society, inform them about anti-corruption developments and ways of countering this evil, exchange ideas about the measures to be taken; 8.2.4. developing and applying anti-corruption curricula in comprehensive schools and higher education colleges. Special anti-corruption curricula should be carried out at universities and colleges that offer specialities most prone to corruption. The anti-corruption education should become an inseparable part of the public education system.

The Law on Corruption Prevention and its Article 10 in particular, also stipulated inclusion of anti-corruption education in the curricula of schools of general education, as follows:
1. Anti-corruption education is an integral part of raising public awareness with a view to instilling dignity and civic motivation, fostering the person’s awareness of their social rights and duties, and the concept of the Lithuanian state, as well as to ensuring the implementation of the aims of corruption prevention.
2. Anti-corruption education of the public shall be carried out at the educational institutions of all types and levels in accordance with the corresponding educational programmes, through the media and other means.

The most provisions of NACP have been implemented already. NGO Modern Didactics Center in cooperation with other NGO and state organizations in 2002 developed the integrated programme of anti-corruption education for a school of general education. Part of Lithuania higher schools also took part in development of programmes and courses of anti-corruption education and its integration into schools curriculum. Officers of The Special Investigation Service delivered series of seminars in schools, state and municipality institutions and still continue activities in the field of anti-corruption education. The Special Investigation Service is preparing the project of The National Anti-Corruption Programme renewal and in the near future will present it for consideration of the Seimas.

This internet site was developed to present information about educational anti-corruption projects, carried out by NGO Modern Didactics Center:
"Education against Corruption" 2002-2003
"Development and Dissemination of Programmes of Anti-corruption Education" 2004
"Preventing Corruption through Education, Information and Consciousness-raising: Component I - Preparation of the anti-corruption education course for higher schools" 2003-2004
international project of RWCT International Consortium "Education against Corruption" 2005-5007
Poland-Lithuania project "Youth for Transparency" 2006
Poland-Lithuania project "Open Local Government - Building the Local Coalition for Transparency" 2008


Programmes of anti-corruption education for a school of general and higher education, teachers' in-service training programme, model for monitoring the work of public offices were developed during these projects.

 

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