Modern Didactics Centre director
Daiva Penkauskiene participated in 7th Prague Forum “Towards a
Pan-European Platform on Ethics, Transparency and Integrity in
Education” organized by European Council at Charles University, Prague,
Czech Republic, at 1-2 of October 2015. D. Penkauskiene shared case
study “Advocating for honesty and transparency. Anticorruption
education initiatives in Lithuania”.
study "Advocating for Honesty and Transparency. Anticorruption
Education Initiatives in Lithuania", 2015
|Over the recent years, more and
more anti-corruption political and civil initiatives are born in
democratic states. A special anti-corruption body is Transparency
International that conducts corruption perception surveys in various
countries and promotes anti-corruption standards of behaviour.
Anti-corruption actions are supported by the World Bank, International
Monetary Fund, Organisation for the Economic Development and
Co-operation, the European Union and the United Nations.
Reduction of the level of corruption is neither an easy
nor a quick process. Corruption may be caused by various interrelated
and individual factors, including: improper economic policy, low level
of public education, weak civic society, lack of accountability of
state authorities, traditions. Moreover, the growing global economy and
new technologies bring about new forms of corruption. They are not easy
to recognise, understand and control.
Corruption is seen as a more urgent problem in
post-communist countries than western states. The communist systems
were based on corruption as a consolidating force where claptocracy and
clientism had become a norm. Such behavioural and thinking patterns
obstructed the creation of democratic states and private economy based
on open competition.
National authorities of the Republic of Lithuania -
Government and Seimas - consider combating corruption as one of
The Special Investigation Service as the main body responsible for the
co-ordination of the fight against corruption in Lithuania was
established in late 1997.
On 17 January 2002 the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania adopted
Resolution No. IX-711 On the Approval of the National
On 28 May 2002 the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania adopted The
Law on Corruption Prevention (No. IX-904).
On July 2002 Convention of the Crown Law ratified
by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania came into the force.
On October 2002 the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adopted
resolution On the Approval of Corruption Risk Analysis.
On February 2003 the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adopted
resolution On the Formation of the Joint Committee for
Coordination of Fight against Corruption.
The National Anti-Corruption Programme (further
– the NACP) clearly indicated that our state is no longer
willing to tolerate corruption and it will take all the measures
against it. The programme included both strategic provisions of the
fight against corruption and a specific action plan.
The NACP had a wider objective than just detection of corruption
crimes. Taking into account that the fight against corruption is
successful only if it rests on the three pillars –
prevention, law enforcement, and the public’s education and
support – the NACP has separate chapters on prevention and
educational and awareness raising measures. A major emphasis is placed
on the prevention of corruption and public education. The NACP provides
for one of the key tasks, which reads as the following:
4.1.4. by various means promoting intolerance to
corruption; with the latter in mind, establishing close co-operation
with non-governmental organisations and the media, developing and
incorporating anti-corruption curriculum into the education system.
The NACP projects:
8.2.3. conducting anti-corruption training to convey
theoretical and practical knowledge and impart skills to various strata
of society, inform them about anti-corruption developments and ways of
countering this evil, exchange ideas about the measures to be taken;
8.2.4. developing and applying anti-corruption curricula in
comprehensive schools and higher education colleges. Special
anti-corruption curricula should be carried out at universities and
colleges that offer specialities most prone to corruption. The
anti-corruption education should become an inseparable part of the
public education system.
The Law on Corruption Prevention and its Article 10 in
particular, also stipulated inclusion of anti-corruption education in
the curricula of schools of general education, as follows:
The most provisions of NACP have been implemented already. NGO Modern
Didactics Center in cooperation with other NGO and state organizations
in 2002 developed the integrated programme of anti-corruption education
for a school of general education. Part of Lithuania higher schools
also took part in development of programmes and courses of
anti-corruption education and its integration into schools curriculum.
Officers of The Special Investigation Service delivered series of
seminars in schools, state and municipality institutions and still
continue activities in the field of anti-corruption education. The
Special Investigation Service is preparing the project of The National
Anti-Corruption Programme renewal and in the near future will present
for consideration of the Seimas.
1. Anti-corruption education is an integral part of
raising public awareness with a
view to instilling dignity and civic motivation, fostering the
person’s awareness of
their social rights and duties, and the concept of the Lithuanian
state, as well as to
ensuring the implementation of the aims of corruption prevention.
2. Anti-corruption education of the public shall be carried out at the
institutions of all types and levels in accordance with the
educational programmes, through the media and other means.
This internet site was developed to present
about educational anti-corruption projects, carried out by NGO Modern
"Education against Corruption"
"Development and Dissemination of
Programmes of Anti-corruption
"Preventing Corruption through
Education, Information and
Component I - Preparation of the anti-corruption education course for
higher schools" 2003-2004
international project of RWCT International Consortium "Education against Corruption" 2005-5007
Poland-Lithuania project "Youth for
Poland-Lithuania project "Open Local
Government - Building the Local Coalition for Transparency" 2008
Programmes of anti-corruption education for a school of general and
higher education, teachers' in-service training
programme, model for monitoring the work
of public offices
were developed during these projects.