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Project PREVENTING CORRUPTION THROUGH EDUCATION, INFORMATION and CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING
 

   



PROJECT NUMBER: LIT/01/010

DURATION: 2002-2004

PROJECT SUPPORTED BY:
United Nations Development Programme
Government of the Republic of Lithuania

PROJECT COORDINATOR:
Special Investigation Service of the Republic of Lithuania

PROJECT PARTNERS:
Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania
Open Society Fund-Lithuania
Modern Didactics Center, Lithuania
Lithuanian universities
Youth organizations
PR companies
Chief Electoral Commission of the Republic of Lithuania

PROJECT AIM:
The project aimed at increasing anti-corruption awareness through education of the youth, dissemination of anti-corruption information, expansion of sociological basis and awareness-raising on the financing of political parties and campaigns, thus contributing to the development of civic society.

PROJECT COMPONENTS:
Project consisted of four independent but thematically-linked components:

COMPONENT I - Preparation of the anti-corruption education course for higher schools
Special Investigation Service worked in partnership with the Modern Didactics Centre, teaching staff of universities, students organizations, and researchers in developing and introducing the anti-corruption education course into curricula of higher schools.

Special Investigation Service carried out the PHARE project "Building Integrity and Raising Anti-Corruption Awareness" (No. LI9913.02.06) in 2002 and in close co-operation with the Ministry of Education and Science has drafted methodological recommendations for the preparation of the anti-corruption education course for secondary schools. Projects of Modern Didactics Center "Education against Corruption" (2002-2003) and "Development and Dissemination of Educational Anticorruption Programmes" (2004) was also orientated towards secondary education curriculum.
These initiatives did not cover higher education establishments. Therefore, an important target group in public education was missed, namely university students who after all will be the next generation of Lithuania civil servants.
The anti-corruption education modules were developed by lecturers representing six Lithuania higher schools, intended for the social studies studies of either bachelor’s or master’s degree. Modules are focused on defining corrupt structures and determining the causality of their behavior, i.e. analyzing negative aspects of globalization, modernization and integration as well as their relationship with the processes taking place in Lithuania, prevention aspects of corrupt practices, with a special emphasis on the development of civic society, national self-consciousness raising, and support (respect) for law enforcement institutions.
Modules are published in “Anti-Corruption Education at Higher Schools” (2005).

More about this component >>

COMPONENT II - Carrying out a long-term TV programme on anti-corruption
Special Investigation Service worked in partnership with the selected TV channel and journalists in developing the TV anti-corruption programme.

Special Investigation Service, implementing PHARE project "Building Integrity and Raising Anti-Corruption Awareness" (No. LI9913.02.06) organized an anti-corruption campaign of one week duration (October 2002) for two main target groups: the youth and public officials/civil servants of the areas most vulnerable to corruption (customs, etc.). However, changing attitudes and behavioral patterns is a long process and requires continuous and sustainable efforts. Therefore, a long-term TV programme (of at least twelve-month duration), giving the corruption phenomenon extensive coverage, would contribute to the instillation of anti-corruption attitudes into wider strata of the society. The programme looked into the causes of corruption and its negative effects on an individual and the society, dealt with the conflict of interests, explained the role of the state and civic society in combating corruption, and highlighted the main facts of corrupt practices by presenting concrete live examples.

COMPONENT III - Using public opinion surveys for improving the anti-corruption measures
Special Investigation Service worked in partnership with the selected PR company in developing the survey‘s questionnaire and methodology.

Analysis of the corruption phenomenon was initiated relatively not long ago in Lithuania. One of the tools for this analysis are different surveys: from a public opinion poll carried out by the market research company Baltijos tyrimai (in 1996) to the Corruption Map survey conducted by the Lithuanian Chapter of Transparency International (in 2001). However, these and other surveys have produced very different results, as they were based on different methodologies and included insufficient number of respondents. Besides, they were not conducted on a regular basis, which has made it impossible to compare the results. The National Anti-Corruption Programme is going to be revised and updated every two years so that to improve the efficiency and expediency of its implementation measures. Public opinion surveys, conducted regularly and based on a common methodology, as well as comparison and analysis of their results will serve as one of the ways for this improvement. To be representative, the surveys should interview a wide cross section of people by age, education, economic activity, income, urban/rural, etc.

COMPONENT IV - Round-table discussion on the problems related to the financing of political parties and political campaigns
Special Investigation Service worked in partnership with the Chief Electoral Commission in preparing the round-table discussion.

One of the measures in the National Anti-Corruption Programme aimed at constraining political corruption is the preparation of a new law on the financing of political parties, organizations and campaigns and control thereof. One of the main provisions of the draft law is that legal persons shall be banned from financing political parties and candidates, the issue which has caused heated debate among the drafters and which, in relation with the approaching presidential elections, has become particularly topical. In that connection, there was an urgent need to organize a one-day round-table discussion, involving representatives (financiers) of the political parties, Chief Electoral Commission, Lithuanian Chapter of Transparency International, Institute of International Relations and Political Sciences, international organizations (International Foundation for Election Systems (USA), Association of Central and Eastern Europe Election Officials), mass media, Special Investigation Service, etc., which presented the new provisions of the said draft law, discussed problematic areas (financing by legal persons, the role and functions of the institutions exercising control over financing), looked into the possibilities of the Money and Politics program, a piece of software for recording the finance of elections, and shared other countries experience.

PROJECT RESULTS:

  • A long-term basis for anti-corruption consciousness-raising through education of the youth established.
  • Increased accessibility of anti-corruption information to the public.
  • Expanded sociological basis for improving anti-corruption measures.
  • Topical information related to the financing of political parties and campaigns presented.

 

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